Austin, a S. E. county of Texas, intersected by Brazos river; area, 1,024 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 15,087, of whom 6,574 were colored. The Texas Central railroad passes through the county. Stock-raising is carried on to a large extent. Timber is abundant. In 1870 the county produced 444,544 bushels of Indian corn, 65,745 of sweet potatoes, 11,967 bales of cotton, and 19,362 lbs. of wool. There were 60,058 cattle, 5,768 horses, 7,554 sheep, and 15,657 hogs. Capital, Bellville.
Austin, a city of Texas, capital of the state and of Travis county, on the Colorado river, 160 m. (direct) from its mouth, and 200 m. N. W. of Galveston; pop. in 1860, 3,494; in 1870, 4,428, of whom 1,615 were colored. The Colorado is navigable to this point in winter by steamboats. Austin is built on an amphitheatre of hills, and overlooks the valley of the Col-orado and the rich prairies beyond. The public buildings are of a white stone called marble, but too soft to admit of polish. An artesian well has been sunk just north of the capitol, to the depth of 1,300 feet, from which a small stream constantly issues. The water is impregnated with lime, and has some medicinal qualities. It has been proposed to supply the city with water from the Colorado by an aqueduct. There are 8 or 10 churches in the city, and about 20 schools. The first free public schools in Texas were opened at Austin in 1871. There are 2 weekly newspapers published here, 1 triweekly, and 3 daily. The western division of the Houston and Texas Central railroad connects the city by way of Hempstead with Houston and the diverging railroads.
Austin, .Jonitlian Loring, secretary and treasurer of Massachusetts, born in Boston, Jan. 2, 1748, died May 10, 1826. He graduated at Harvard college in 1766, was a merchant and secretary of the board of war in Massachusetts, and in 1777 was sent to Paris to the American commissioners with the news of Burgoyne's capture. Dr. Franklin made him an additional private secretary, and sent him as his agent to England, where he resided in the family of Lord Shelburne. On his return with despatches in May, 1779, he was liberally rewarded by congress. In 1780, in his passage to Spain as agent of the state, he was taken and carried to England, but soon liberated.
He was afterward state secretary and treasurer of Massachusetts.