Bellary. I. A district of Madras, British India, situated between lat. 13° 40' and 15° 58' N., and lon. 75° 44' and 78° 19' E.; area, 11,352 sq. m.; pop. about 1,200,000. It is noted for its healthy climate. It has on an average less rain than any other portion of southern Hindostan, and artificial irrigation is needed in some districts to make it habitable. II. A fortified town, capital of the district, in lat. 15° 5' N., Ion. 76° 57' E., 270 m. N. W. of Madras; pop. about 30,000, besides the garrison. It is connected by railway with the principal towns of India. The fort is built on a granite hill 2 m. in circumference and 450 ft. high, the summit of which constitutes the upper fort, but without accommodations for troops. The lower fort is half a mile in diameter, and contains the barracks, arsenal, commissariat stores, and a Protestant church. The town is well built, and has many pagodas, several mosques, missionary establishments, schools, and a Bible society.