Bima, the principal state of the island of Sumbawa, and seat of a Dutch residency, occu-pying. the E. part of the island. The Dutch fort at the head of the bay of Bima is in lat. 8° 35' S., lon. 118° 40' E. Before the eruption of the mountain Tomboro (1815), situated at the extremity of the northern peninsula of the island, which was the most terrific volcanic eruption on record, the inhabitants numbered 90,000, but at present there are only about 45,-000. It is governed by a sultan, who acknowledges the sovereignty of Holland. The soil is unproductive. The surface consists of trachytic ridges, separated by ravines often very deep, in which run streams impetuous in the rainy season, and very small in the dry. The chief productions which have attracted Europeans are sandal and sapan wood; salt and rice are also produced. Saltpetre and sulphur are found, and beeswax and horses are exported to Java. The horses of Bima are much esteemed in the Indian islands. The inhabitants speak a language which has been regarded by some philologists as distinct from the Malay or any other language of the archipelago. The Dutch fort has a small garrison, chiefly of Javanese and Bughis troops. There are also several thousand Bughis settlers in the territory.
The inhabitants are principally Mohammedans., The chief town and port also is called Bima.