Bristol. I. A S. E. County Of Massachusetts, bounded S. E. by Buzzard's bay, and W. by Rhode Island, and drained by Taunton and Pawtucket rivers; area, 517 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 102,886. It is diversified by many irregularities of surface. Its seacoast, about 18 m. in extent, is indented by numerous bays and good harbors. Iron ore is found in large quantities. Manufacturing is extensively carried on, particularly at Fall River. New Bedford is the chief whaling port of the country. The Boston and Providence, New Bedford and Taunton, Taunton branch, and Fall River railroads pass through the county. There are 27 cotton mills, 2 calico print works, 2 woollen mills, 4 shoddy mills, 6 brass founderies, 13 flour mills, 6 tanneries, 54 saw mills, 3 manufactories of spool cotton, 10 rolling and splitting mills, and numerous other manufactories. The chief productions in 1870 were 7,928 bushels of rye, 82,256 of Indian corn, 40,003 of oats, 237,675 of potatoes, 27,091 tons of hay, and 223,986 lbs. of butter. There were 2,668 horses, 5,671 milch cows, 3,908 other cattle, 2,281 sheep, and 3,773 swine. Capitals, New Bedford and Taunton. II. An E. county of Rhode Island; area, 25 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 9,421. Mount Hope and Narragansett bays bound it E., S., and W. The surface is uneven, and presents a variety of beautiful scenery.

The soil is very fertile. A railroad from Bristol to Providence passes through the county, and another extends from Fall River to Warren. The chief productions in 1870 were 13,521 bushels of Indian corn, 5,934 of oats, 34,996 of potatoes, and 2,551 tons of hay. There were 399 horses, 664 milch cows, 571 other cattle, 473 sheep, and 648 swine. Capital, Bristol.