Philip Doddridge, an English clergyman, born in London, June 26, 1702, died in Lisbon, Oct. 26, 1751. Left an orphan at the age of 13, he was sent to a private school at St. Albans, where he made the acquaintance of Dr. Samuel Clarke, who became interested in him for his love of learning. The duchess of Bedford offered to defray the expenses of his education at either university, a proposal which he declined on account of the implied condition that he should become a clergyman in the church of England. In 1719 he entered a dissenting academy at Kibworth to study theology. From 1722 to 1729 he fulfilled pastoral duties at Kibworth and the neighboring town of Market Harborough, and in that retired district pursued his studies. In 1729 he took charge of the academy where he had been himself educated, and removed it first to Market Harborough, and then to Northampton, whither he had been invited as pastor. At this academy the most distinguished dissenting ministers near the middle of the last century were educated. Dr. Doddridge presided over it for 20 years, and acquired a high reputation as a preacher and author. In 1750 his constitution, always feeble, began to show signs of decline, and he sailed to Lisbon, where he died 13 days after his arrival.
His most popular and useful works are "The Rise and Progress of Religion in the Soul," and the "Family Expositor," containing a version and paraphrase of the New Testament, with notes. He also published several volumes of sermons, " The Principles of the Christian Religion," a " Treatise on Regeneration," and several minor works. He is the author of numerous hymns included in the standard collections. His " Course of Lectures on the Principal Subjects in Pneumatology, Ethics, and Divinity" was published posthumously (London, 1763), and gives the outlines of a system of metaphysics and divinity. His works were collected in 10 vols. (Leeds, 1802), and his "Private Life and Correspondence," by one of his descendants, appeared in 5 vols. (London, 1831). Accounts of his life were also published by his contemporary Job Orton, and his pupil Dr. Kippis.