Pierre Claude Francois Daunou, a French scholar and politician, born at Boulogne-sur-Mer, Aug. 18, 1761, died in Paris, June 20, 1840. In 1792, being a member of the national convention, he denied its right to try Louis XVI., and voted for his detention only. He signed the protest against the proceedings of May 31, 1793, which doomed the Girondists to their fate, and was in consequence arrested. He resumed his seat after the 9th Thermidor, and entered the council of 500, of which he was the first president. In 1797 he went to Italy, where in the following year he participated in the organization of the Roman republic. Reelected to the council of 500, he was one of the committee appointed to prepare the new constitution of the year VIII. He became under it a member of the tribunate, but his independence caused him to be ejected from that body in 1802. He then devoted himself to letters, and in 1804 was appointed keeper of the archives of the legislative body, and in 1807 of those of France. This office was taken from him in 1815, but restored in 1830. In 1819 he was made professor of history and morals in the college de France, and elected to the chamber of deputies, and became a peer in 1839. Among his works are a continuation of Rulhiere's Histoire de l'anarchie de Pologne (1807), Essai historique sur la puissance tem-porelle des papes (4th ed., 1818), and Cours d'etudes historiques (20 vols. 8vo, 1842-9).