Pierre Charron, a French author, born in Paris in 1541, died there, Nov. 16, 1603. He studied law at Orleans and Bourges, and had practised for some years as an attorney when he took holy orders, and soon became noted for his eloquence as a preacher. He tilled several ecclesiastical offices in Gascony and Languedoc, was appointed chaplain of Queen Margaret of Navarre, and in 1588 returned to Paris, intending to become a monk, but was rejected on account of his age. Remaining a secular priest, he went to Bordeaux, and there became intimately acquainted with Montaigne. Charron is the author of two books widely different in their tendency and character. His Traite des trois rerites (1594) is a defence of religion against atheists, of Christianity against other religions, and of Catholics against heretics. In 1601, under the tolerant rule of Henry IV., Charron published his Traite de la sagesse (latest edition by Duval, Paris, 1821). To this work, unjustly branded by his contemporaries as atheistic, Charron owes his place in the history of modern philosophy.