Pierre Jules Barociie, a French statesman, born in Paris, Nov. 18, 1802. He became a lawyer, and had acquired great celebrity as an advocate - particularly as the defender of Co-lombier, charged with complicity in the plot to assassinate the duke d'Aumale, and Joseph Henry, indicted for an attempt upon the life of Louis Philippe - when in 1847 he was elected by the town of Rochefort to the chamber of deputies. He attached himself to the opposition, and was one of those who signed the act of impeachment presented by Odilon Bar-rot against the Guizot cabinet, for prohibiting the reform banquet in the 12th arrondissement of Paris. Being elected a member of the constituent assembly, he was most emphatic in his declarations of fealty to the republic, but soon leaned toward the Bonapartists. Reelected to the legislative assembly in May, 1849, he was made by Louis Napoleon home secretary March 15, 1850, and a few days later changed this post for that of secretary for foreign affairs. He favored the covp d'etat of Dec. 2, 1851, and on the establishment of the empire was appointed vice president of the council of state. He was also one of the privy council nominated by imperial decree of Feb. 1, 1858, for the purpose of forming a council of regency in the contingency of the emperor's death.
In 1860 he was for a short time minister of foreign affairs, and in 1863 he was appointed minister of justice and public worship, retaining that office till July, 1869. Among his most important acts in this capacity were the publication of a decree forbidding the bishops to promulgate the papal syllabus in 1865, and a circular recommending the public prosecutors to observe great moderation in enforcing the new press law. He was created a senator in 1864.