Pierre Soule, an American statesman, born in Castillon, France, in 1801, died in New Orleans, March 16, 1870. He studied in the Jesuits' college at Toulouse, was implicated in a plot against the Bourbons, fled to a village in Navarre, and became a shepherd. He was afterward an advocate in Paris, and for an attack upon the ministry in the Nain newspaper he was fined 10,000 francs and sentenced to prison. He escaped to England, and in 1825 emigrated to New Orleans, where he rose to eminence at the bar. In 1847 he was elected United States senator from Louisiana to fill a vacancy, and in 1849 was reelected for a full term. In 1853 he was appointed minister to Spain, where he fought a duel with M. Turgot, the French ambassador, and wounded him. He participated in the Ostend conference in 1854 (see Buchanan, James), and came home in 1855. In 1861 he visited Europe as diplomatic agent of the confederate government, and in 1862 was arrested in New Orleans by Gen. Butler, and imprisoned, but was released on condition of leaving the country.

He returned to New Orleans shortly before his death.

S0ULIE, Melchior Frederic, a French novelist, born at Foix, Dec. 23, 1800, died at Bievre, near Paris, Sept. 23, 1847. He was expelled from the law school in Paris on account of his radicalism, and after publishing in 1824 Amours francais, an unsuccessful volume of poems, he supported himself as the foreman of an upholsterer till 1828, when his drama Romeo et Juliette proved successful at the Odeon. Most of his subsequent pieces failed, excepting Clotilde in 1832. He achieved greater celebrity as a novelist, especially by Diane et Louise (1836), which he dramatized under several titles. He published more than 150 volumes of novels, including Le maitre d'ecole (1839), Si jeunesse savait, si vieillesse pouvait (1842), and his Me-moires du diable (1844), which had a prodigious circulation. His monument in Pore La-chaise was unveiled Feb. 20, 1875.