Richard Caswell, an American revolutionary general and statesman, born in Maryland, Aug. 3, 1729, died Nov. 20, 1789. In 1746 he removed to North Carolina, where in 1754 he became a member of the colonial assembly, in which he continued to hold a seat till 1771. He was then chosen speaker of the house of commons, and colonel of the county militia, and at the outbreak of the revolution identified himself with the patriots. He soon after became treasurer of the state. In 1776, in command of a regiment of minute men, he defeated the loyalists at Moore's creek, and for this service was appointed brigadier general. For three years he was president of the provincial congress which framed the state constitution, under which he was elected the first governor. He was engaged in the disastrous battle of Camden in 1780, became comptroller general of the state in 1782, and was again elected governor in 1784, to which office he was twice reelected. In 1787 he was a delegate to the convention assembled at Philadelphia for the formation of the federal constitution; in 1789 he was speaker of the state senate, and he was subsequently one of the convention by which the federal constitution was ratified in North Carolina. He was presiding in the senate when he was struck with fatal paralysis.