Richard Watson, an English prelate, born at Heversham, Westmoreland, in August, 1737, died at Calgarth park, Westmoreland, July 4, 1816. He was educated at Cambridge, where in 1764 he became professor of chemistry, and in 1771 regius professor of divinity. In 1780 he was made archdeacon of Ely, and in 1782 bishop of Llandaff. His principal works are: "An Apology for Christianity, in a Series of Letters addressed to Edward Gibbon, Esq." (12mo, London, 1776); "Chemical Essays" (5 vols. 12mo, 1781-'7); "An Apology for the Bible, in a Series of Letters addressed to Thomas Paine" (1796); and "Miscellaneous Tracts" (1815). His autobiography, "Anecdotes of the Life of Richard Watson," was published by his son (London, 1817).
Richard Watson, an English clergyman, born in Barton-upon-Humber, Feb. 22, 1781, died in London, Jan. 8, 1833. At the age of 14, when he was a good Latin and Greek scholar, he was apprenticed to a carpenter; but he joined the Methodists the next year, began preaching, and was released from his indentures. He was ordained in 1800, afterward united with the Methodist New Connection, was for some time editor of the Liverpool " Courier," returned to the Wesleyan connection, and in 1817 was appointed one of the secretaries of the missionary society in London. He was a prominent advocate of emancipation. His chief works are: " A Defence of the Wesleyan Methodist Missions in the West Indies" (1817); "Theological Institutes, or a View of the Evidences, Doctrines, Morals, and Institutions of Christianity " (6 parts, 1823-'8), which is a standard text book of theology among Methodists; "Life of the Rev. John Wesley " (1831); and a " Biblical and Theological Dictionary " (1831). His life was written by the Rev. Thomas Jackson, who also edited a collection of his works (13 vols. 8vo, 1834-'7).