Samuel Chandler, an English theologian, born at Hungerford, Berkshire, in 1093, died in London, May 8,1766. He was the son of a nonconformist clergyman, and had for fellow pupils Joseph Butler, author of the "Analogy," and Thomas Seeker, afterward archbishop of Canterbury. He completed his studies in Ley-den, and became Presbyterian minister at Peckham. The South sea bubble of 1720 swallowing up his wife's fortune, he embarked in the book trade in London, while continuing to preach, and was selected with Dr. Lardner as an evening lecturer to a dissenting congregation in the Old Jewry, of which he was chosen pastor in 1726, and remained so till his death, 40 years after. He received the degree of D. D. from the universities of Edinburgh and Glasgow, and was a member of the royal and antiquarian societies. In 1760 he delivered a sermon on the death of George II., in which that monarch was likened to David; whereupon a pamphlet appeared, embodying Bayle's disparaging estimate of the Hebrew king. Chandler replied to the pamphlet, and was thus led to write his "Critical History of David" (2 vols., London, 1700), which is his most elaborate work.
He wrote "A Vindication of the Christian Religion" (1725), "A History of Persecution" (1736), and several volumes of commentaries on different books of the Bible. A collection of his sermons was published after his death (4 vols. 8vo, 1768).