Savile, Or Saville, George, marquis of Halifax, an English statesman, born in Yorkshire in 1630, died in London, April 20, 1695. He was the son of a baronet, and for his zeal in bringing about the restoration was created in . 1668 Baron Savile and Viscount Halifax; in 1679 he was made earl, and in 1682 marquis of Halifax. In 1672 he was made a privy councillor, and in 1679 was admitted into the council of 30, and subsequently became one of Charles II.'s four confidential advisers. It was owing almost entirely to his oratory that the house of lords rejected the exclusion bill in 1680. He however defended Lord Russell, and denounced the withdrawal of the Massachusetts charter. On the accession of James II. he was obliged to give up his post as lord privy seal and accept the presidency of the council; but as he refused to support the king in the repeal of the test and habeas corpus acts, he was dismissed from office. He was appointed by James one of the commissioners to treat with William of Orange, but the flight of the king put an end to his mission. When parliament met he was appointed speaker of the house of lords, and supported the claim of William as king regnant, presented the crown to William and Mary on their accession, and was made lord privy seal.
But he soon went into opposition, and acted for a short time with the Jacobites. He was the chief of the party contemptuously called trimmers, a name which he accepted and defended. He wrote " Character of a Trimmer," " Anatomy of an Equivalent," "Letters to a Dissenter," and "Maxims of State," all of which were printed in 1 vol. 8vo after his death. Several historical essays were published under his name. Two manuscript copies of his memoirs were both destroyed. The poet Henry Carey, ancestor of Edmund Kean, was his natural son.