I. August Ludwig Von

August Ludwig Von, a German historian, born at Gaggstedt, Würtemberg, July 5, 1735, died in Göttingen, Sept. 9, 1809. He studied in Wittenberg and Göttingen, and became a private teacher in Sweden, where he published a work in Swedish on the history of trade and commerce (Stockholm, 1758). In 1759 he returned to Göttingen to study medicine, but in 1761 went with the Russian historiographer Müller to St. Petersburg, where he became a teacher at the academy, and was professor of history from 1765 to 1767, when he assumed the chair of political sciences at Göttingen. He wrote on northern and universal history, and extensively on politics, and translated Nestor's Russian chronicles to A. D. 980 (5 vols., 1802-'9).

II. Kurd Vcn

Kurd Vcn, a German author, grandson of the preceding, born in Lübeck, Jan. 5, 1822. He was German minister in Mexico from 1869 to 1871, and subsequently in Washington. His works include Geschichte der deutschen Ostseeländer (3 vols., Berlin, 1850-'53); Verfall und Unter-gang der Hansa (1853); and Friedrich der Grosse und Katharina II. (1859).