Schuylkill, a river of E. Pennsylvania, rising in the carboniferous highlands of Schuylkill co. and flowing S. E. into the Delaware river at Philadelphia; length, 120 m. It has slack-water navigation to Port Carbon, 3 m. above Pottsville. The tide ascends to Fair-mount dam in Philadelphia.

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Schuylkill, an E. county of Pennsylvania, drained by the Schuylkill river, bounded S. E. by Kittatinny or Blue mountain, and traversed by the Broad, Sharp, and Mahanoy mountains; area, 750 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 116,428. The surface is very mountainous, and the soil except along the streams generally poor. Anthracite coal and iron are extensively mined; the production of the former in 1870 was 3,860,144 tons, valued at $10,289,043. Several railroads pass through it. The chief agricultural productions in 1870 were 115,831 bushels of wheat, 86,410 of rye, 267,560 of Indian corn, 288,356 of oats, 234,374 of potatoes, 33,154 tons of hay, 6,685 lbs. of wool, and 383,495 of butter. There were 3,712 horses, 5,883 milch cows, 5,255 other cattle, 3,100 sheep, and 10,831 swine; 4 manufactories of forged and rolled iron, 4 of pig iron, 23 of castings, 15 of tanned and 11 of curried leather, 22 of machinery, 47 flour mills, and 21 saw mills. Capital, Pottsville.