Walla Walla, the S. E. county of Washington territory, bounded N. by the Snake river, E. by Idaho, from which it is separated by the Snake, S. by Oregon, and W. by the Columbia river; area, 3,500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 5,300. There are many broad valleys and fertile plains, with abundant timber. The valley of Walla Walla river covers a considerable area, and is very fertile. The Blue mountains cross the E. end. The chief productions in 1870 were 110,905 bushels of wheat, 19,658 of Indian corn, 94,528 of oats, 17,459 of barley, 31,184 of potatoes, 31,440 lbs. of wool, 75,634 of butter, and 5,123 tons of hay. There were 5,741 horses, 651 mules and asses, 4,742 milch cows, 8,211 other cattle, 6,649 sheep, and 4,729 swine; 1 manufactory of bagging, 5 of saddlery and harness, 2 of sash, doors, and blinds, 4 of tin, copper, and sheet-iron ware, 6 flour mills, 1 distillery, 2 breweries, and 2 saw mills. Capital, Walla Walla: Toward the close of 1875 Columbia co. was formed from the E. portion of Walla Walla co. as above described.

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Walla Walla, a city and the county seat of Walla Walla co., Washington territory, in the valley of Walla Walla river, 32 m. E. of Columbia river, 220 m. E. S. E. of Olympia, and 610 m. N. N. E. of San Francisco; lat. 46° 5' N., Ion. 118° 22'W.; pop. in 1870, 1,394; in 1875, locally estimated at 4,500. It is regularly laid out, and has wide streets. The surrounding country is fertile, and the climate is mild. The Walla Walla and Columbia railroad connects with the Oregon steam navigation company's boats on the Columbia river for Portland, to which point considerable shipments of grain, fruit, cattle, and hides are made. A line of mail stages connects with the Central Pacific railroad at Kelton, Utah, 385 m. S. E. The city contains three door and sash and planing mills, a bag factory, a foundery, and four flour mills. There are two private banks, two public schools, a library, a semi-weekly and two weekly newspapers, and six churches (Congregational, Cumberland Presbyterian, Methodist, Roman Catholic, Seventh-Day Adventist, and United Brethren). Walla Walla was laid out in 1857, and incorporated in 1862.