William Hart, an American landscape painter, born in Paisley, Scotland, in 1823. He came with his parents to America in 1831, and settled in Albany, N. Y. In his youth he was employed in coach painting in Troy, and soon gave evidence of great ability in landscape and portrait painting. In 1848 he exhibited some of his works at the national academy of design, and they were favorably received. In 1850 he revisited Scotland, and spent three years there in study, settling in New York city on his return. In 1856 he was made an associate of the national academy, and two years later an academician. Mr. Hart is a successful teacher of his art as well as a popular painter. He was for some time president of the Brooklyn academy of design. Among his principal pictures are "The last Gleam." "The Golden Hour," "Sunset from Dark Harbor, N.B.," "Opening in the Elands" (a coast scene), and "Up in the Glen, White Mountains." He is especially distinguished for his numerous representations of American autumn scenery. He was one of the first to encourage the establishment of the American water-color society, and for three years was its president.

His water-colors as well as his oil paintings are remarkable for the beauty of their skies.