William Mitford, an English historian, born in London, Feb. 10, 1744, died in Hampshire, Feb. 8, 1827. He entered Queen's college, Oxford, left it without a degree, studied law at the Middle Temple, but soon retired to his ancestral estate in Hampshire, married, and devoted himself to literature. By the advice of Gibbon, he wrote a history of Greece (5 vols., 1784-1818), bringing the narrative down to the death of Alexander the Great. He was prevented by age and failing eyesight from carrying on the work, as he had intended, to the period of the Roman conquest. An edition of it by his brother Lord Redesdale, with an introduction, appeared in 1829 (h vols. 8vo). Ho also published a treatise on the religions of ancient Greece and Rome, as a supplement to his history; "An Inquiry into the Principles of Harmony m Languages and of the Mechanism of Verne, Modern and Ancient" (1774)-and "A Treatise on the Military Force, and particularly the Militia, of this Kingdom " He was a member of parliament for 21 years, held several public offices, and was professor of ancient history in the royal academy.