Yates, a W. county of New York, bounded E. by Seneca lake, and S. W. partly by Canandaigua and Crooked (now Keuka) lakes, the latter extending half way across the middle of the county; area, about 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 19,595; in 1875, 19,686. The surface is generally undulating or hilly, and the soil is a fertile sandy loam. Iron ore is found. The county is intersected by the Northern Central railroad, and by the Crooked Lake canal. The chief productions in 1870 were 414,869 bushels of wheat, 28,375 of rye, 337,983 of Indian corn, 507,165 of oats, 354,067 of barley, 30,608 of buckwheat, 169,692 of potatoes, 670,272 lbs. of butter, 41,614 of cheese, 402,176 of wool, and 39,575 tons of hay. There were 6,692 horses, 6,511 milch cows, 6,491 other cattle, 74,439 sheep, and 5,656 swine; 5 manufactories of agricultural implements, 3 of bricks, 23 of carriages and wagons, 11 of saddlery and harness, 5 flour mills, 2 distilleries, 3 planing mills, and 7 saw mills. Capital, Penn Yan.