Antonio Lolli, an Italian violinist, born in Bergamo about 1728, died in Sicily in 1802. Little is known of his youth, and he seems to have acquired his art without the assistance of teachers. After travelling extensively he was from 1762 to 1773 concert master to the duke of Wurtemberg, and applied himself so assiduously to the mastery of his instrument that he utterly eclipsed at Stuttgart a rival artist, Nardini, who returned in despair to Italy. Between 1775 and 1778 Lolli was attached to the court of Catharine II. of Russia, who loaded him with honors. Subsequently he performed in London, Paris, and other capitals. He was most celebrated for playing quick movements, and attained a wonderful rapidity and facility of execution. His compositions are of little value. - His son Filippo acquired eminence as a performer on the violoncello.
Antonio Maria Gasparo Sacchini, an Italian composer, born in Pozzuoli about 1735, died in Paris, Oct. 7, 1786. He was educated under Durante, produced numerous works in Italy and Germany, and arrived in 1772 in England, where he remained till 1784, when he established himself in Paris. His operas, once famous over Europe, are now scarcely known by name even, notwithstanding they are skilfully and richly harmonized and abound in beautiful melodies. The most celebrated in their day were Il Cid, Tamerlano, Montezuma, Rinaldo, and L'Amore soldato, composed for the London opera house, and La colonie, L'Olympiade, and Oedipe ą Colonne. The last named, his best work, was brought out at Paris the year after his death.
Antonio Salieri, an Italian composer, born in Legnano, Aug. 19, 1750, died in Vienna, May 7, 1825. In 1766 he went to Vienna with Gassmann the contrapuntist, who instructed him, and whom he succeeded in 1775 as court chapelmaster and director of the theatre there. Here he became so intimate with Gluck as to compose for him an opera, produced in Paris, entitled Les Danaļdes, the real authorship of which Gluck did not announce till it had been performed several times. Sa-lieri wrote 43 operas, and various compositions for instruments and for the church, including his Passione di Gesł Cristo, five masses, and a requiem.
Antonio Scarpa, an Italian anatomist, born at La Motta, a village of Friuli, June 13, 1747, died in Pavia, Oct. 31, 1832. He was educated at Padua, in 1772 became professor of anatomy in the university of Modena, and in 1783 at Pavia, and in 1814 director of the faculty of medicine. His principal works, in which surgical anatomy was first clearly developed, illustrated with engravings which are among the most exact and elegant of their kind, have been translated into many languages.
Antonio Tamburini, an Italian singer, born in Faenza, March 28, 1800. After several years' practice in the theatre and churches of his native city, he made his public d6but at Bologna in 1818, and soon rose into great celebrity in Italy. In 1832 he first appeared in London and Paris, and thenceforth visited them annually until his retirement in 1854, when he settled at Sevres, France. With Grisi, Rubini, and Lablache, he was one of the original performers in Bellini's Puritani, and for several seasons continued a member of that remarkable quartet. His voice, a baritone of great power and sweetness, was shown to the best effect in the operas of Rossini, Bellini, and Donizetti, and he was also an excellent actor both in serious and buffo opera. His finest parts were Figaro and Don Giovanni.