Ebenezer Porter

Ebenezer Porter, an American clergyman, born in Cornwall, Conn., Oct. 5, 1772, died in Andover, Mass., April 8, 1834. He graduated at Dartmouth college in 1792, studied divinity at Bethlehem, Conn., and was ordained pastor of the Congregational church at Washington in that state in 1796. In 1812 he was appointed professor of sacred rhetoric at Andover theological seminary, of which institution he subsequently became president. He wrote " The Young Preacher's Manual" (1809); "Analysis of Vocal Inflection" (1824); "Analysis of the Principles of Rhetorical Delivery " (1827); and " Lectures on Homiletics and Preaching, and on Public Prayer, with Sermons and Addresses" (1834). A collection of his "Lectures on Eloquence and Style" was published by the Rev. L. Matthews (8vo, Andover, 1836).

Ebn

See Ben.

Ebony

Ebony (diospyros ebenum, Willdenow), a tree with hard, heavy wood, native of the East Indies. The black ebony, the most highly prized, grows spontaneously in Ceylon, Madagascar, and Mauritius. There are other colors, such as green, red, yellow, and white and black striped. There is another kind called iron-wood from its intense hardness. The heart wood of D. reticulata, a lofty tree in Mauritius, is also esteemed. The ebony of the Coro-mandel coast is derived from D. melanoxylon (Roxburgh). Ebony is likewise procured from D. tomentosa and D. Roylei of the East Indies. The fruit of many of the ebony trees is considered edible by the natives, although it is generally astringent. The famous oblivion-producing fruit of the lotus is supposed to be that of D. lotus of Africa. The date plum and persimmon are representatives of this genus.

Ecclesiasticus

Ecclesiasticus, one of the apocryphal books of the Old Testament, called also "The Wisdom of Jesus, the Son of Sirach." The author appears to have lived in the 3d and 2d centuries 13. 0., and wrote in Hebrew, though no copy of the Hebrew original has been preserved ; and his work was subsequently (probably about 130 B. C.) translated into Greek by his grandson. The book contains - 1, an anthology of moral and prudential precepts for the various circumstances of life; 2, a discourse which the author puts into the mouth of wisdom herself, inviting men to virtue; and 3, a panegyric in which the author celebrates the praises of God and eulogizes the great men of his nation. In the Roman Catholic church it has been held as canonical since the council of Carthage, whose decision was confirmed by the council of Trent. The best commentary on the book is by Fritzsche (1859).

Echeneis

See Sucking Fish.

Echidna

See Porcupine Ant-eater.

Echols

Echols, a S. county of Georgia, bordering on Florida and intersected by the Allapa-ha river; area, about 400 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,978, of whom 465 were colored. The surface is level, the soil sandy. The chief productions in 1870 were 41,814 bushels of Indian corn, 7,047 of oats, 16,957 of sweet potatoes, and 457 bales of cotton. Capital, Statenville.