Jean Joseph Francois Poujoulat, a French author, born at La Fare, Bouches-du-Rh6ne, Jan. 26,1808. He was educated at the college of Aix, went to Paris in 1826, and assisted M. Michaud in'preparing his Bibliotheque des croi-sades, and in 1830 accompanied him on a tour through the East, an account of which they published in their Correspondance d'Orient (7 vols., Paris, 1833-'5). He edited with Michaud the Nouvelle collection des memoires pour ser-vir d Vhistoire de France depuis le 13e siecle jusqu'd la fin du 18e (34 vols. 8vo, 1836-'8). He has written histories of France from 1814, of the French revolution, and of Jerusalem; lives of St. Augustine (whose complete works he translated), Pere Ravignan, Cardinal Maury, and Archbishop Sibour; travels in Algeria, etc. - His brother Baptistin- (1809-64) wrote histories of Constantinople, of the popes, and of Richard Cceur de Lion, travels in the East, and other works.
Jean Joseph Perraud, a French sculptor, born at Monay, department of Jura, in 1819. He was apprenticed to a wood carver, studied in Lyons and Paris, and won the grand prize in 1847, which entitled him to several years' residence in Rome, where he executed a bass relief entitled " Leavetaking." Among his subsequent works are statues of "The Childhood of Bacchus," " Ste. Genevieve," and " Galatea;" many works for public buildings, including a group of u The Day " for the avenue of the Observatory (1874), and of " The Lyrical Drama" for the new opera house opened in 1875, busts of Mozart and Beethoven for the theatre at Baden-Baden, etc. His masterpieces are the statues of a man struggling with destiny, which he called " Adam," of "Despair," and of a faun.
Jean Jouvenet, a French painter, born in Rouen about 1645, died in Paris, April 5, 1717. He belonged to a family of artists, became known in 1673 by his "Jesus curing the • Paralytic," and was professor and president of the academy of painting. In 1675 appeared his masterpiece, "Esther before Ahasuerus," comparing favorably with the works of Pous-sin and Lebrun. Several of his pictures are at Notre Dame and in the Louvre. His right hand being disabled shortly before his death, he painted with his left hand the "Magnificat" in the choir of Notre Dame.
Jean Levesque De Burigny, a French author, born at Rheims in 1692, died in Paris, Oct. 8, 1785. In 1713 he removed to Paris, where, in conjunction with his two brothers, he engaged in the compilation of a manuscript encyclopaedia, which when completed formed 12 large folio volumes, whence he drew the materials for many of his subsequent publications. His treatise on the papal power (4 vols. 12mo) is not much esteemed; but his lives of Erasmus, Grotius, Bossuet, and Du Perron are valuable.
Jean Lonis Theodore Bachelet, a French cy-clopaedist and historian, born in 1820. He has been professor of history in various colleges, and finally in the lyceum of Rouen. In concert with Ch. Dezobry he edited a Dictionnaire de biographie et d'histoire (2 vols., 1857), and Dictionnaire general des lettres, des beaux arts et des sciences morales et politiques (2 vols., 1862-'3). Among his historical works are: La guerre de cent ans (1852), Mahomet et les Arabes (1853), and Les liommes illustres de France (Rouen, 18(37).