Jean Jacques De Boissieu

Jean Jacques de Boissieu, a French engraver, born in Lyons, Nov. 29, 1736, died there, March 1,1810. He first devoted himself to painting; but his health having suffered by the preparation of colors, he turned to engraving and etching. He was a friend of Joseph Vernet, and in his own line had no rival. His etchings, which are either original compositions or copies of Flemish pictures, may be ranked next to those of Rembrandt.

Jean Jacques Elisee Reclus

Jean Jacques Elisee Reclus, a French geographer, born at Ste. Foy la Grande, department of Gironde, March 15, 1830. He studied under Carl Ritter in Berlin, and travelled in Great Britain and North and South America from 1851 to 1857, when he returned to France and published a series of books of travel. For continuing to serve in the national guard of Paris after the establishment of the commune he was sentenced to death (1871); but the sentence was commuted to banishment, and he was finally pardoned. His principal works are: La terre (2 vols., 1867-'8; English translation, "The Earth," edited by B. B. Woodward, 2 vols., New York, 1871); Les phénomènes ter-restres, les mers et les météores (1872; English translation, "The Ocean, Atmosphere, and Life," by B. B. Woodward, edited by Henry Woodward, New York, 1872); Voyage aux régions minières de la Transylvanie occidentale (1873); and Nouvelle géographie univer-selle (part i., 1875).

Jean Jacques Joseph Leroy Detiolles

Jean Jacques Joseph Leroy D'Etiolles, a French surgeon, born in Paris, April 5, 1798, died there, Aug. 25, 1860. He was educated at the imperial lyceum, subsequently studied medicine, and in 1822, before receiving his degree of doctor, presented to the academy of surgery a set of instruments invented by himself for the operation of lithotrity. The invention was claimed by Civiale and Amussat, but after a thorough examination awarded to Leroy d'Etiolles. In 1831 the academy awarded him a prize of 6,000 francs for a forceps used in the performance of the operation. He was the author also of many other inventions, and of works on lithotrity, urology, the prostate gland and bladder, a translation of Cooper's " Dictionary of Surgery," etc.

Jean Jacques Olier De Verneiil

Jean Jacques Olier De Verneiil, a French priest, born in Paris, Sept. 20, 1608, died there, April 2, 1657. His father was secretary to Henry IV. Jean Jacques was connected with St. Vincent de Paul, and gave successful missions in Auvergne. Refusing bishoprics, he took charge of the parish of St. Sulpice, Paris, which he reformed; and he founded in 1645 the seminary of St. Sulpice for the better training of the clergy. He had in 1636, with five other gentlemen, formed the society of Montreal to colonize that island, which they purchased in 1640. A new city was soon founded, with convents, hospital, and schools, and the Sulpicians establishecf a theological seminary and college, which still exist. Olier wrote a "Treatise on Holy Orders," "Christian Catechism of the Interior Life," and other works. The best life of him is by Faillon (Paris, 1853).