See Campobasso.


See Molina.


Moloch, an Australian iguanian reptile, of the family agamida. The M. horridus (Gray) is the most ferocious-looking of the lizard tribe, and, though harmless, is as ugly as any of the representations of fabled basilisks and dragons. The whole body is covered with irregular plates and strong sharp spines, and the head is crowned with two very large spines; on the back of the neck are large rounded protuberances, similarly armed with granular scales and spines.

Moloch, Or Molech

Moloch, Or Molech, the national god of the Ammonites, who was worshipped by human sacrifices. The Hebrews were repeatedly addicted to his worship. Solomon, induced by his foreign wives, built a high-place to him; Manasseh imitated his impiety; and the idolatry continued from that time chiefly in the valley of Tophet and Hinnom, till the place was defiled by Josiah. Some explain the terms which are generally thought to refer to the burning of children as sacrifices to Moloch, to mean only the passage between two burning pyres, or the act of leaping over a fire, as a symbol of purification, practised by many ancient nations. Milcom (1 Kings xi.; 2 Kings xxiii.) and Malcham (Jer. xlix.) are considered dialectic variations of the name Moloch, which probably signified king (Heb. melelch).

Molossia, Or Slolossis

Molossia, Or Slolossis, in ancient geography, a division of Epirus in northern Greece, extending across the province from N. to S., partly between Athamania on the east and Thesprotia on the west. In early times it was peopled by various tribes of unknown race, with whom the Molossi, a Grecian people who claimed descent from Pyrrhus (Neoptolemus), the son of Achilles, mingled at a later period. Though regarded as semi-barbarians, the Mo-lossians became predominant in Epirus, and established a royal dynasty over the whole country in the last quarter of the 4th century B. C, the capital being Ambracia (now Arta), near the gulf called after it.

Mombaz, Or Mombasali Mombas

Mombaz, Or Mombasali Mombas, a town on a small island of the same name, in a bay on the coast of Zanzibar, in lat. 4° 6' S., Ion. 39° 43' E.; pop. of the island, about 6,000. The island is about 3 m. long and 2 m. wide; the coasts consist of steep cliffs, and the town is defended by an old Portuguese fort. The town is in a ruinous condition, and is inhabited by Arabs and people of mixed race. The bay in which the island is situated is about 5 m. long and 3 m. broad, and forms an excellent harbor. There is very little trade, and the people are exceedingly poor. The Portuguese destroyed the native town in 1505, and again in 1529; from which time they held the place till they were driven out by the sultan of Muscat in 1720. In his turn he was expelled by the natives, and from 1824 to 1826 the town was under British protection; but they abandoning it, Mombas fell again under the power of Muscat.