San Mateo

San Mateo, a W. county of California, bordering on the Pacific, and bounded N. E. by the bay of San Francisco; area, 432 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 6,635, of whom 519 were Chinese. The surface is hilly and well timbered, and the soil fertile. Excellent coal is found, and there are mineral springs of sulphur and iron. It is traversed by the Southern Pacific railroad. The chief productions in 1870 were 107,049 bushels of wheat, 294,318 of oats, 171,207 of barley, 329,875 of potatoes, 285,460 lbs. of butter, 469,295 of cheese, and 19,065 tons of hay. There were 3,238 horses, 5,140 milch cows, 4,688 other cattle, 6,535 sheep, and 5,829 swine; 2 flour mills, 1 tannery, and 11 saw mills. Capital, Redwood City.

San Patricio

San Patricio, a S. county of Texas, bounded N. E. by the Aransas river, S. the Nueces, and S. by the gulf of Mexico; area, 625 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 602, of whom 64 were colored. It has considerable good ]and, but is subject to summer droughts. Stock raising is the chief business. Nearly half the county is covered with mezquite and other trees. The chief productions in 1870 were 21,325 bushels of Indian corn, 9,010 of sweet potatoes, and 7,325 lbs. of wool. There were 4,973 horses, 30,828 cattle, 2,845 sheep, and 1,281 swine. Capital, San Patricio.

San Pete

San Pete, an E. county of Utah, bordering on Colorado, and intersected by Green river; area, about 7,000 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 6,786. The W. part is crossed by the Wahsatch mountains, watered by the Sevier river, and has abundant timber and considerable land adapted to agriculture. In the east are numerous large but generally unoccupied valleys. The chief productions in 1870 were 91,443 bushels of wheat, 3,867 of Indian corn, 9,197 of oats, 5,256 of peas and beans, 58,655 of potatoes, 12,509 lbs. of wool, 61,887 of butter, and 4,084 tons of hay. There were 805 horses, 1,794 milch cows, 1,908 other cattle, 7,407 sheep, and 361 swine; 7 manufactories of furniture, 2 wool-carding establishments, 1 flour mill, and 11 saw mills. Capital, Manti.

San Remo

San Remo, a town of Italy, in the province of Porto Maurizio, on the coast, 25 m. E. N. E. of Nice; pop. about 10,000. It is picturesquely situated on a declivity descending to the seashore, which is covered by a dense growth of olive trees. The streets are narrow and steep, and there are several ancient churches. The palazzo Garbarino contains Raphael's Madonna della Rovere. San Remo has become a rival of Nice and Mentone as a residence for invalids.

San Roque

San Roque, a city of Andalusia, Spain, in the province and 57 m. S. E. of the city of Cadiz, near the head of the bay of Gibraltar; pop. about 8,000. There is trade in grain and provisions. Owing to its healthful situation on a rocky eminence, and the low price of living, it is frequented by summer visitors.

San Saba

San Saba, a W. county of Texas, bounded N. and E. by the Colorado and intersected by the San Saba river; area, 1,100 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 1,425, of whom 144 were colored. The surface is partly mountainous. There are sulphur springs in the S. E. part. The chief productions in 1870 were 49,710 bushels of wheat, 3,187 of sweet potatoes, 3,518 lbs. of wool, 3,090 of honey, and 1,870 gallons of molasses. There were 16,343 cattle, 1,465 sheep, and 5,394 swine. Capital, San Saba.