Carl Christian Ram, a Danish archaeologist, born in Brahesborg, island of Fünen, Jan. 16, 1795, died in Copenhagen, Oct. 20, 1864. He was educated at the university of Copenhagen, of which in 1821 he was made an assistant librarian. He undertook a general revision of all the Icelandic and Norwegian manuscripts yet unpublished, belonging to the collection. Through his exertions in 1825 the "Society for Northern Antiquities" was founded, the principal object of which was to publish those manuscripts which could throw light on the obscure passages of Scandinavian history. It has published many volumes on the history and antiquity of the North. The work which excited the most attention was the Antiquita-tes Americanos, seu Scriptores Septentrionales Rerum Ante-Columbianarum in America (Copenhagen, 1837), prefaced by a summary in English, in which he attempted to prove that the Scandinavians discovered America in the 10th century, and that from the 11th to the 14th they made frequent voyages thither, and effected settlements in what is now Massachusetts and Rhode Island. An important sequel to this work is Denkmäler Grönlands (3 vols., 1838-45). He also published Antiqui-tés russes (3 vols., 1850-'54).