Chabrias, an Athenian general, killed in the harbor of Chios in 357 B. C. In 392 he succeeded Iphicrates in the command of the Athenian forces before Corinth, was afterward sent to chastise the AEginetans for depredations on the coast of Attica, and assisted Evagoras in Cyprus, and Acoris in Egypt, against the Persians. In 378 he commanded the army which the Athenians sent to the aid of Thebes against the Lacedaimonians, under Agesilaus, on which occasion he saved his troops from impending defeat by commanding them to await the attack of the enemy with pointed spear and shield, resting on one knee. A statue of him in this position was erected to his honor in Athens. In 376 he won an important victory over the Lacedaeinonian fleet off Naxos. A few years later he went on his own account to Egypt, where he commanded the naval forces of Tachos, then in rebellion against the Persians, whose cause, however, after the desertion of the Spartans, ho gave up as hopeless. After his return to Athens, he took part in the expedition against Thrace at the outbreak of the social war. At the siege of Chios his vessel was the first to enter the harbor, but becoming isolated and disabled was soon abandoned; he alone refused to save his life, and fell fighting. He was the last of the great Athenian generals.

Demosthenes said of him that he conquered 17 cities, look 70 vessels, made 3,000 prisoners, and enriched the treasury of Athens with 110 talents. One of his apophthegms was that an army of stags led by a lion is superior to an army of lions led by a stag. His life was written by Cornelius Nepos.