Cornelius Nepos, a Roman author, probably a native of Verona or its vicinity, died in the reign of Augustus. Nearly all his works have perished. He wrote Chronica, an epitome of universal history; Exemplorum Libri, a collection of remarkable sayings and doings; De Historicis, and De Viris Illustrious. Two of the lives comprised in the last named work, those of Cato and Atticus, are extant. The well known Excellentium Imperatorum Vitoe, first printed at Venice in 1471, and long ascribed to Aemilius Probus, is now considered an abridgment by him of the work of Nepos. It has passed through numberless editions, and has been translated into most European languages.
Cornelius Peter Bock, a German archaeologist, born in Aix-la-Chapelle, June 8, 1804, died at Freiburg, Baden, Oct. 18, 1870. While studying at Bonn and Heidelberg he published poems under the name of Christodor, showing his devotion to the Roman Catholic creed. After spending several years in Italy he was for a short time professor at the university of Marburg, and subsequently resided for many years in Brussels. During about 11 years preceding his deatb he was honorary professor at Freiburg. He wrote chiefly on archaeological Subjects, and published in 1856 inedited fragments of Boethius.
Cornells Cort, a Dutch painter and engraver, born at Hoorn in 1530, died in Rome in 1578. He studied under Hieronymus Cock, and went to Venice in 1566, where he became an engraver, and reproduced in copperplate many of the paintings of Titian, who seems to have employed him. He afterward engraved for Tintoretto and other Venetian painters. From Venice he went to Rome, where he established a school for engraving. Among his pupils was Agostino Carracci. Of his works, the "Transfiguration of Raphael" and the "Massacre of the Innocents," after Tintoretto, have been most admired.
Cornells De Pauw, a Dutch historian, born in Amsterdam in 1739, died at Xanten, near Cleves, July 7, 1799. He was educated at Gottingen, and became canon of Xanten and afterward reader to Frederick II. of Prussia. He wrote in French Recherches sur les Ameri-cains (8vo, Berlin, 1769), designed to prove "the native inferiority of the savage Americans;" Recherches sur les Egyptiens et les Chinois (2 vols. 8vo, 1774; translated into English by Capt. J. Thomson, London, 1795), designed to prove "that no two nations ever resembled each other less than the Egyptians and the Chinese;" and Recherches sur les Grecs (2 vols. 8vo, 1788; translated into English, London, 1793). In consequence of the invasion of the duchy of Cleves by the French revolutionary army, Pauw became melancholy, and burned his Recherches sur les Germain.
Cornells Van Bynkershoek, a Dutch jurist, born at Middelburg, May 29, 1673, died at the Hague, April 16, 1743. He was educated at the university of Franeker, practised as an advocate at the Hague, and was for many years president of the supreme council of Holland, Zealand, and West Friesland. He wrote Observations Juris Romani (Leyden, 1710), and Questioner Juris Publici (1737), and compiled a digest of Dutjsh law. His complete works have been published in 2 vols. fol. (Geneva, 1761; London, 1767).