Christian Gottlob Heyne, a German philologist, born in Chemnitz, Saxony, Sept. 25,1729, died in Gottingen, July 14, 1812. He studied philology and the classics at Leipsic, and afterward obtained at Dresden a situation as under secretary in the library of the minister Bruhl, where he became intimate with Winckelmann, then a young, poor student like himself. In 1763 he was appointed to fill the chair of eloquence and poetry in the university of Gottingen, and he remained connected with that institution till his death. He published his views on the manner of studying the ancient authors in his edition of the Apollodori Bibliotheca (4 vols., Gottingen, 1782), and in several essays, which appeared in the "Transactions of the University of Gottingen." He was made chief librarian of the library of Gottingen, perpetual secretary of the royal society, and foreign member of the institute of France. Both as a teacher and writer he powerfully contributed toward the dissemination of a profound and philosophical knowledge of antiquity. He published editions of Tibullus (Leipsic, 1755), Epic-tetus (1756), Virgil (4 vols., 1767-'75), Pindar (2 vols., Gottingen, 1773-'4), the Iliad (8 vols., Leipsic, 1802), Diodorus Siculus, and other classic authors.
His life has been written by his son-in-law Heeren.