Condy Raguet, an American political economist, born in Philadelphia, Jan. 28, 1784, died there, March 22, 1842. He was of French descent, was educated at the university of Pennsylvania, and for 18 months studied law. Afterward entering the counting house of a merchant, at the age of 20 he was sent to Santo Domingo as supercargo of a vessel. There he spent four months, and on his return published "A Short Account of the Present State of Affairs in St. Domingo." After a second voyage to the same island in 1805, when he remained eight months, he published "A Circumstantial Account of the Massacre in St. Domingo." In 1806 he went into business in Philadelphia, and was highly successful. During the war of 1812 he took an active part in providing for the defence of the city. From 1822 to 1827 he resided in Rio de Janeiro, at first as United States consul, and from 1825 as chargé d'affairs to Brazil. After his return to the United States he edited several journals devoted to free-trade doctrines. He published "An Inquiry into the Causes of the Present State of the Circulating Medium of the United States" (8vo, Philadelphia, 1815); "Principles of Free Trade" (1835); and a treatise "On Currency and Banking" (1839), which was republished in England, and translated into French.