Count Anthony Hamilton, a French writer, born in Ireland about 1646, died at St. Ger-main-en-Laye in 1720. He belonged to an illustrious Scotch family, and on the death of Charles I. was taken to France, where he received his education. On the restoration of Charles II. he returned to England, and was presented at court, but, being a Catholic, received no official appointment. James II. gave him the command of an infantry regiment in Ireland and the government of Limerick. In 1088 he accompanied the exiled king to France, and remained one of his faithful courtiers. During this period he wrote his spirited works, which still hold a place in French literature. The best known, Lea memoires du comte de Gramont (1713), is a narrative of the licentious life of his brother-in-law, and a faithful picture of the court of Charles II. of England. He left also a series of tales, written to burlesque the then recently published " Arabian Nights:" Le belier, Flear d'epine, Les quatre Facardins, and Zeneide, first published in 1749, and several miscellaneous light poems.

The Memoires have been frequently translated in England, one of the best editions being that published by Bohn with notes and illustrations by Sir Walter Scott, and including the personal history of Charles and the Boscobel tracts (1853). Hamilton's tales, under the title of " Fairy Tales and Romances," have also been translated into English (1849). The best French edition of his complete works is by Renouard (3 vols., Paris, 1812).