Cuthbert Collingwood, lord, an English admiral, son of a merchant of Newcastle-on-Tyne, born there, Sept. 26, 1750, died March 7, 1810. He went to sea at the age of 11, as midshipman under Capt. Brathwaite. After some years afloat he made a cruise under Admiral Rod-dam, and thence was transferred to Graves's fleet acting against the Americans, reaching Boston in 1774. On the day of the battle of Bunker hill he was appointed fourth lieutenant of the Somerset, and placed in charge of a party of marines who kept open communication between the troops and the ships. Next year he was given command of the sloop Hornet, with which he went to Jamaica, where he renewed acquaintance with Horatio Nelson, then lieutenant of the Lowestoffe, whom he had known in boyhood. The career of these eminent men was closely united during the rest of their lives. In 1780 Nelson, being in command of the Hinchinbroke, was ordered to conduct a boat expedition to the Pacific along the San Juan river and Lakes Nicaragua and Leon. He was prostrated by fever and sent home, and Collingwood took his place. His robust constitution carried him through, but he buried 180 of his 200 men. The expedition was found impracticable.
In the succeeding year he was wrecked in the Pelican, 24 guns, on Morant keys, West Indies. Thereafter he was transferred to the Samson, 74, in which he served till the peace, and in 1783 was sent with the frigate Mediator to reenforce the squadron employed in preventing the Americans from trading with the West India islands. On his release from that duty in 1786, he revisited his home at Newcastle, after an absence of 25 years. On the breaking out of the war with the French, he served on board the Barfleur, which bore a conspicuous part in Lord Howe's victory, June 1, 1794. In 1797 he was placed in command of the Excellent, 74, which he fought with effect in Jervis's victory off Cape St. Vincent, Feb. 14. When Nelson heard that the Excellent was coming to reenforce him, he exclaimed: "That counts two! " In 1799 he was made rear admiral of the white; in 1801, admiral of the red; and in 1804, of the blue. He was detailed in 1803 to watch the French fleet off Brest, which he did for nearly two years. His crowning achievement was at Trafalgar, Oct. 21, 1805, where he was second in command, and when Nelson fell took the chief command and finished the day.
For this service he received the thanks of parliament, with a peerage, and a pension for his family of £2,000. His subsequent career was a succession of semi-political missions to the Mediterranean, which taxed his endurance and skill to the utmost. He repeatedly requested leave to retire, but the government informed him that they could not spare his services. Worn out at length, he died at sea while cruising off Minorca. His remains were brought home and deposited in St. Paul's cathedral, near Nelson's. Selections from his despatches and correspondence were published at London in 1828, by G. L. N. Collingwood.