Daniel Whitby, an English clergyman, born at Rushden, Northamptonshire, in 1638, died in Salisbury, March 24, 1726. He was educated at Oxford, became a fellow in 1664, took orders, and was a prominent writer against popery. He became prebendary of Salisbury in 1668, precentor in 1672, and rector of St. Edmund's. In 1683 he published anonymously "The Protestant Reconciler," a plea for a fuller communion between churchmen and dissenters. It was condemned by the university of Oxford to be burned, and the author was obliged to retract its main principles. His most important work is "A Paraphrase and Commentary on the New Testament" (2 vols, fol., 1703), which is still in esteem as an Arminian exposition. In connection with this he afterward produced "The Necessity and Usefulness of the Christian Revelation " (8vo, 1705). In 1710 he published a treatise " Concerning the True Import of the Words Election and Reprobation," often reprinted as "Whitby on the Five Points." He gradually became a convert to Arianism, and defended his new opinions in a Latin treatise against the authority of the fathers in theological controversy (1714), and other works.
His "Last Thoughts " was published posthumously with a biography by Dr. Sykes (1728).