David Dale, a Scottish manufacturer, born at Stewarton, Ayrshire, Jan. 6, 1739, died in Glasgow, March 17, 1806. He was for some time a weaver, then clerk to a silk mercer, and afterward an importer of yarns from Flanders.
In 1783, securing the use of Arkwright's spinning patent, he founded the New Lanark mills. Succeeding in this, he cooperated in establishing many other mills, and was interested in cotton manufactures in Glasgow, in the first works in Scotland for dyeing cotton Turkey-red, and in a number of other enterprises, carrying all along simultaneously and with great profit. He became very rich, and was sole agent of the Glasgow branch of the bank of Scotland from its foundation in 1783. He was also very active in many benevolent works, and during the dearths of 1782, 1791-'3, and 1799, he imported ship loads of grain and sold to the poor at prime cost. From 1769 till his death he was the active pastor of a Congregational church organized under his charge, preaching every Sunday; and in 1791 and 1794 he was a magistrate of Glasgow. In 1799 he sold the New Lanark mills to a company mainly controlled by Mr. Robert Owen, who married his daughter.