Edmund Ludlow, an English republican, born at Maiden-Bradley, Wiltshire, in 1620, died in Vevay, Switzerland, in 1693. His father, Sir Henry Ludlow, was an extensive land owner in Wiltshire, and one of its representatives in the long parliament, where he was a strenuous opponent of the crown. Edmund was educated at Trinity college, Oxford, and on the outbreak of the civil war joined the army of Lord Essex as a volunteer, and was present at the battle of Edgehill. After the death of his father he was returned to parliament for Wiltshire, and obtained the command of a regiment of cavalry. From this period he became prominent as a popular leader, and tilled various important civil and military offices. He was a thorough republican, and steadily advocated the establishment of a commonwealth. He was one of the most inflexible of the king's judges, and an ardent supporter of the bill for the abolition of the house of peers. His sturdy independence rendering him obnoxious to Cromwell, he was removed out of the way by being appointed to a high military command in Ireland in 1650. When Cromwell assumed the protectorate, Ludlow entered his solemn protest against the act, and on returning to England refused to recognize the protector's authority.
Hence he was regarded with distrust, and retired into Essex, where he remained till Cromwell's death. Resuming his public career, he took an active part in the political proceedings of the day, laboring to effect the restoration of the commonwealth; but, deeming the return of the Stuarts inevitable, he withdrew from London, and soon afterward went to Switzerland. He returned to England at the revolution of 1688; but being threatened with arrest, he betook himself again to Switzerland, where he passed the rest of his life, engaged in the composition of his "Memoirs." They were published at Vevay (3 vols. 8vo, 1698-'9), and have since gone through various editions. Over the entrance of his villa at Vevay, Ludlow placed the inscription: Omne solum fortipatria.