Elihn Burritt, an American scholar and reformer, born in New Britain, Conn., Dec. 8, 1810. The son of a shoemaker, he was educated in the common schools of his native village, and at the age of 17 was apprenticed to a blacksmith. A desire to read the Scriptures in the original led him to philological studies in the intervals of labor, and he soon mastered several languages. He removed to Worcester, Mass., to have the advantage of the library of the antiquarian society there, and while still plying his trade studied the principal ancient and modern languages, and became known as "the learned blacksmith." In 1844 he edited at Worcester the " Christian Citizen," a paper advocating a peaceful settlement of international difficulties. To the same end he delivered many public lectures. He was also prominent as an advocate of temperance and of slavery abolition, and later of cheap ocean postage. In 1846 he went to England, where he formed the " League of Universal Brotherhood," whose object was "to employ all legitimate means for the abolition of war throughout the world." He was constantly engaged in writing and lecturing, and took a prominent part in all the European peace congresses.

He was for several years consul at Birmingham, and returned to the United States after residing altogether nearly 25 years in England. He has published " Sparks from the Anvil" (London, 1848), "Miscellaneous Writings" (1850), " Olive Leaves " (1853), " Thoughts and Things at Home and Abroad" (Boston, 1854), "A Walk from John O'Groat's to Land's End " (1865), and "Lectures and Speeches" (1869).