English Authors James And Horace Smith, associated together in literary history. The former was born in London, Feb. 10, 1775, and died there, Dec. 24, 1839; and the latter was born in London, Dec. 31, 1779, and died at Tunbridge Wells, July 12, 1849. They were the sons of Robert Smith, a legal practitioner of London, and were early trained to an active business life, James in the professional business of his father, and Horace as a member of the stock exchange, in which business he acquired a fortune. The poetical imitations entitled "Horace in London," originally contributed to the "Monthly Mirror," and afterward republished in England and America, were written principally by James. In 1812 the rebuilding of Drury Lane theatre led to the offer of a prize for an opening address; the brothers, in six weeks, completed a series of parodies on the popular authors of the day, in the form of addresses for the prize, and thus arose the well known volume of "Rejected Addresses." The publisher Murray originally declined giving £20 for the copyright, but after it had run through 16 editions (1819) he purchased it for £131. James Smith during the remainder of his life wrote anonymously for amusement or relief from physical suffering, contributing vers de societe and epigrams to the magazines or annuals, or assisting Charles Mathews the actor in the preparation of his " Country Cousins," his " Trip to France," and other "entertainments." A collection of his miscellaneous pieces in prose and verse was published after his death by his brother (2 vols., 1840). Horace, subsequent to 1820, when ho retired from business, was for 25 vears one of the most industrious authors of England. In 1826 appeared "Brambletye House," one of his earliest novels, and his most successful one.

It was succeeded by "Tor Hill," "Reuben Apsley," "Jane Lomax," "The New Forest," and other novels, few of which are now known outside of the circulating libraries. In 1845 the author took a formal leave of the public in the preface to "Love and Mesmerism." A selection from the poetical works of Horace and James Smith, including the "Rejected Addresses," with a memoir by Epes Sargent, was published in New York in 1857. "The Tin Trumpet" (2 vols. 8vo), published anonymously in 1836, was republished in 1869 as the work of Horace Smith.