Epistles To Timothy, two canonical books of the New Testament, addressed, according to ecclesiastical tradition, by the apostle Paul to his disciple Timothy. They are mentioned by Tertullian, Clement of Alexandria, and Ori-gen. Schleiermacher attacked the authenticity of the first epistle, and after him the authenticity of either the first or both epistles has been doubted by Baur, Reuterdahl (archbishop of Upsal), Meyer, De Wette, Ewald, and others; against whom it has been defended by Thiersch, Wieseler, Reuss, Huther, Bleek, and others. The defenders of their authenticity are not agreed as to the times when the epistles were written. Most of them suppose the first to have been written about the year C5. The second, according to the same writers, was written during the captivity of Paul at Rome, and while he was in expectation of martyrdom. It gives instructions on Christian steadfastness and fidelity (ch. i.); exhorts Timothy to constancy (ch. ii.); warns him against false teachers, invites him to come to Rome, and gives information of many of the companions of Paul (ch. iii. and iv.). The two epistles to Timothy, together with the one to Titus, are comprised under the name pastoral epistles.

Among the recent commentaries on them are those of Wiesinger (1850), Ellicott (London, 3d ed., 1864), Huther (3d ed., 1866), and Oster-zee in Lange's Bibelwerk (2d ed., 1864; English translation by Washburne and Harwood, New York, 1868).