Esaias Tegner, a Swedish poet, born at Kirkerud, Wermland, Nov. 13, 1782, died in Wexio, Nov. 2, 1846. He was the son of a clergyman who had assumed the name of Teg- ner after his native village of Tegnaby. He graduated at the university of Lund in 1802, and became teacher of aesthetics and librarian there, and in 1812 professor of Greek, In 1818 he was elected to the academy of sciences and took his degree in divinity, and in 1824 he became bishop of Wexio. Hs works include Svea (1811); Nattvards Barnen (" The Children of the Lord's Supper," 1820), Longfellow's version of which (1841) was regarded by Tegner as the best of all the translations; Axel (1821); and Frithiofs Saga (1825), based upon Icelandic sagas. The last has been repeatedly set to music, and translated into many languages. Among the latest versions are Count Lein-burg's in German (Frankfort, 1873), Leopold Hamel's in English (London, 1875), and Victor Wilder's in French, set to music by Max Bruch (Paris, 1875). A complete collection of Teg-ner's published works was edited and his biography written by his son-in-law Bottiger (7 vols., Stockholm, 1847-51; new ed., 1871 et seq.); and a collection of his posthumous writings has been made by Elof Tegner (3 vols., 1874). His correspondence has also been recently published.
A colossal statue of Tegner was erected at Lund in 1853.