Gritti ,.I. Andrea, doge of Venice, born in 1454, died Dec. 28, 1538. During the war against the league of Cambrai he led the armies of the republic against the imperialists, whom he at first defeated and drove out of Padua and Vicenza. In 1512 he regained Brescia and Bergamo from the French, but was shortly after defeated and made prisoner by Gaston de Foix, who took him to Paris. During his imprisonment he formed an alliance between France and the Venetian republic, and on his return to Venice he cooperated with French troops in driving the imperialists out of Brescia and overrunning the kingdom of Naples. In May, 1523, he was elected doge, and filled that office until his death. II. Luigi, an adventurer in the service of the Turks, son of the preceding by a Turkish slave, born in Constantinople in 1501, while his father was ambassador there, died in Transylvania, Sept. 28, 1534. He was educated at Padua, but finding no honorable employment open to him in Italy, he went to Constantinople, ingratiated himself with the grand vizier, and became a favorite with Solyman II., who intrusted him with diplomatic missions to various nations.
He persuaded his master to support the claims of John Zapolya to the throne of Hungary, and took part in the attack on Vienna in 1529. After the coronation of Zapolya at Buda, Gritti was appointed governor general of Hungary, but abused his power by a bloody persecution of his enemies. The murder of the vicar of the bishopric of Gross-Wardein and governor of Transylvania finally aroused the indignation of the people of that province, who marched against him with an overpowering force, besieged him in Mediasch, and put him to death.