Guido Reni , an Italian painter, of the Bo-lognese school, born near Bologna in 1575, died there in 1642. He studied under Denys Calvaert and Ludovico Carracci, and went to Rome, where his "Martyrdom of St. Cecilia" was very successful. He received an order from the pope to decorate the private chapel of the palace of Monte Cavallo, but became disgusted with the parsimony of the papal treasurer and returned to Bologna, where he painted the "Massacre of the Innocents." Recalled by the pope to Rome, he executed a number of important works, including his frescoes of the "Aurora" in the Rospigliosi palace, the "Concert of Angels" in the apsis of the Capella Sta. Silvia, the " St. Andrew " in the chapel of that name, and the painting of "Fortune" in the gallery of the capitol. He was invited to Naples, and had nearly finished the "Nativity," now in the choir of San Mar-tino, when he was driven away by the jealousy of the Neapolitan artists. The remainder of his life was passed at Bologna. At this period he gave himself up to play, and painted rapidly and carelessly. Many of his later works are unfinished, and some which bear his name are by his pupils.

The best of this period are his "Assumption," in the gallery at Munich, and the Madonna with angels, now in Bologna.