Henry Eckford, an American ship builder, born in Irvine, Scotland, March 12, 1775, died in Constantinople, Nov. 12, 1832. He served his apprenticeship in Quebec, and in 1796 removed to New York, where he introduced many important changes in the art of ship building. During the war of 1812 he built a fleet of vessels of war for the United States on the lakes with great rapidity, cutting the timber from the forests and transporting the equipments from the seaboard. After the war he constructed the Robert Fulton, which made in 1822 the first successful voyage by steam to New Orleans and Havana. He was for a time naval constructor at the navy yard in Brooklyn, and he also built war vessels for various European and South American powers. In 1831 he built a sloop of war for Sultan Mah-moud, and was invited to enter his services as naval constructor. He took up his residence in Constantinople, organized a navy yard there, and laid the keel of a ship of the line, but did not live to see it completed.