Herman Melville, an American author, born in New York, Aug. 1, 1819. At the age of 18 he shipped before the mast on a vessel bound for Liverpool, and in 1841 he embarked for the Pacific, as a sailor, on a whaling vessel, in which he cruised for 18 months; but, unable to endure the harsh conduct of the captain, he deserted with a comrade at Nukahiva, one of the Marquesas islands. Losing his way, he wandered into the Typee valley, where the warlike people who take their name from the valley held him four months in an indulgent captivity. At the end of that time he was taken off by a boat from an Australian whaler, which conveyed him to Tahiti. He passed some time in the Society and Sandwich islands, and in 1843 shipped on board the frigate United States at Honolulu, and arrived in Boston in October, 1844. "Typee," a narrative of his adventures in Nukahiva, appeared in 1846 in New York and London, and achieved an immediate success. It was followed in 1847 by "Omoo, a Narrative of Adventures in the South Seas," which recounts his escape from Typee and subsequent voyage. " Mardi and a Voyage Thither,!' a philosophical romance which was less admired, and "Redburn," founded on the incidents of his first voyage appeared in the same year.
Ho married in 1847 a daughter of Chief Justice Shaw of Massachusetts, and resided for a few years in New York. He removed to Pittsfield, Mass., in 1850, and afterward returned to New York His remaining works are: "White Jacket, or the World in a Man-of-War" (1850); "Moby Dick, or the White Whale" (1851); "Pierre, or the Ambiguities" (1852); "Israel Potter" (1855); "The Piazza Tales "(1856); "The Confidence Man" (1857); and "Battle Pieces and Aspects of the War," a volume of poems (1866).