Hermas , an ecclesiastical writer of the 1st century, author of the book Pastor Hermoe. He is thought by some to be the Hernias mentioned by St. Paul in Rom. xvi. 14. The Hernias of the epistle is a saint of the Roman calendar, whose feast is on May 9. The writer appears from intrinsic evidence to have been married and the father of a family. His book derives its title of " Shepherd " or Hermas 0800450 from the fact that the author in the second book introduces his guardian angel in the character of a shepherd. Irenaeus cites the "Shepherd" under the title of "the Scripture;" Clement of Alexandria considers its revelations as divine ; and Origen deems it an inspired book. It was very popular with Christians of the 2d and 3d centuries. Jerome accuses Hernias of foolishness in his commentary on Habakkuk ; Tertullian designates his book as apocryphal. Duguet says it contains the germ of all heresies; and Mosheim calls its author an impostor. Of late years this book has been the subject of more editing and literary criticism than any other relic of the early church. It is supposed to have been originally written in Greek, but at present it exists entire only in a Latin version, which has been often published since the 10th century. It is inserted in Cotelier's Patres Apostolici AEvi (Paris, 1672), and in French in Pesprez's Bible (Paris, 1715). A Greek version discovered in Ethiopia, and translated into Latin by D'Abbadie, was published in Leipsic in 1860. In 1857 a new Latin version from a manuscript discovered in Rome was edited at Leipsic by Dressel, together with a Greek text brought from Mount Athos by Simonides and revised by Tischendorf. The latter considers this Greek text a retranslation from the Latin; and in Dressel's Patres Apostolici (Leipsic, 1866) is a Greek text discovered by Tischen-dorf himself in the Sinaitic codex, and containing book i. of the "Shepherd" and the first four chapters of book ii.

This is also given in Hilgenfeld's Novum Testamentum extra Cano-nem receptum (Leipsic, 1866). An English translation of Hilgenfeld's Pastor Hermoe is found in the "Ante-Nicene Christian Library" (Edinburgh, 1867). - Another Hermas or Hermes, mentioned by St. Paul in the same verse, is held by the Greeks to have been one of the 70 disciples, and afterward bishop of Dalmatia. His feast in the eastern church occurs on April 8.