Habakkuk , one of the twelve minor prophets, of whose birth or death we know with certainty neither the time nor the place. His prophecy is variously dated by different scholars from about G30 to 590 B. C. It relates chiefly to the threatened invasion of Judea by the Chaldeans. The style is highly poetical, and the ode or prayer of the 3d chapter is probably unrivalled, not only for splendor of diction and subject, but for sublimity, simplicity, and power. See Delitzsch, Der Prophet Habakuk, ausgelegt (Leipsic, 1843), and De Habacuci Prophetoe Vita atque AEtate (2d ed., 1844).
Habersham , a N. E. county of Georgia, bordering on South Carolina, and containing the sources of the Chattahoochee, Broad, and other rivers; area, about 500 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 6,322, of whom 949 were colored. It is traversed by branches of the Blue Ridge, between which are fertile valleys. Iron is abundant; rubies, carnelians, and occasionally diamonds have been found; and the gold mines were formerly among the richest in the state. The chief productions in 1870 were 5,409 bushels of wheat, 4,795 of rye, 132,824 of Indian corn, 5,915 of oats, 16,297 of sweet potatoes, 25,127 lbs. of tobacco, 83,241 of butter, and 79 bales of cotton. There were 695 horses, 1.354 milch cows, 2,244 other cattle, 4,729 sheep, and 7,370 swine. Capital, Clarksville.
Hackee ,.See Chipmunk.
Hackmatack , See Larch.
Haddingtonshire, Or East Lothian a county of Scotland, bordering on the frith of Forth, the North sea, Berwickshire, and Edinburghshire, or Mid-Lothian; area, 280 sq. m.; pop. in 1871, 37,770. The surface rises gradually, though with slight undulations, from the coast toward the Lammermuir hills. It is divided by the river Tyne into two nearly equal portions. The climate is heathful, but variable. The soil is in general fertile. The low lands of the north and west are extremely productive, and the districts adjoining the Lammermuir range are adapted to pasturage. The principal crops are wheat, potatoes, and turnips. Sheep and cattle are reared in the hill districts. There are no manufactures of any importance. Capital, Haddington, on the Tyne, 17 m. E. by N. of Edinburgh; pop. about 4,000.
Hades , (Gr. in Grecian mythology, a name originally given to the king of the lower or invisible world, but afterward applied to the infernal regions, while the king came to be known as Pluto. Hades was a place of darkness, the residence of Pluto and Proserpine, and the abode of the dead. Its gates were kept closed, that no shade might escape to the world of light, and were guarded by the terrible many-headed dog Cerberus.
Hadersleben , (Danish, Haderslev), a city of Prussia, in the province and 52 m. N. of the city of Schleswig, on the Hadersleben fiord, a small arm of the sea connecting with the Little Belt; pop. in 1870, 8,259. It consists of an old and a new town, and has a normal school, gymnasium, hospital, and a monument to Luther. There are several breweries and distilleries, and a glove factory. The harbor is only adapted for small vessels, The outer harbor is at the custom house of Stevelt. Hadersleben was formerly an imperial city, the seat of a bishop before the reformation, and had a strong castle. In the first Schleswig-Holstein war the city was occupied by the Germans April 9,1849, and in the second, Feb. 14, 1864.