Horner ,.I. Francis, a British statesman, born in Edinburgh, Aug. 12,1778, died in Pisa, Feb. 8, 1817. lie was educated at the high school and university of Edinburgh, studied for the bar, and was one of the originators of the "Edinburgh Review." In 1803 he removed to London, entered at Lincoln's Inn, was called to the bar in 1804, was one of the commissioners appointed by the East India company for settling the nabob of Arcot's debts, and in 1806 entered parliament. After the general election of 1812 he became a leader of the whig party in the house; but he disagreed with Lord Grenville on the question of war after Napoleon's return from Elba, and consequently tendered the resignation of his seat, which was not accepted. His last speech was on June 25, 1816, in favor of the Catholic claims and deprecating the harsh treatment of Ireland; soon after which he made a visit to Italy for the benefit of his health, and died abroad. A monument to him by Chantrey has been erected in Westminster abbey, and his "Memoirs and Correspondence," edited by his brother, was published at London in 1843 (2 vols. 8vo). II. Leonard, brother of the preceding, born in Edinburgh about 1785, died in London, March 5, 1864. In 1827 he became warden of the university of London, and in 3 an inspector of factories.

In 1848 he was elected president of the geological society. Besides many pamphlets on social questions, he published "Memoirs and Correspondence of Francis Horner" (1843), and a translation of Villari's "Life of Savonarola" (1862).