Hunt, a N. E. county of Texas, drained by the head streams of the Sabine river and by the S. fork of the Sulphur; area, 935 sq. m.; pop. in 1870, 10,291, of whom 1,078 were colored. It has a rolling and in some places hilly surface, and is well wooded. The soil is fertile. The chief productions in 1870 were 342,411 bushels of Indian corn, 31,480 of sweet potatoes, 163,267 lbs. of butter, and 4,272 bales of cotton. There were 9,941 horses, 977 mules and asses, 9,672 milch cows, 2,077 working oxen, 25,141 other cattle, 7,194 sheep, and 23,-347 swine; 1 flour mill, and 1 wool-carding establishment. Capital, Greenville. .
I. James Henry Leigh, an English' author, born in Southgate, Middlesex, Oct. 19, 1784, died at Putney, Aug. 28,1859. His father, a West Indian, married an American lady, and practised law in Philadelphia till the revolution broke out, when he warmly espoused the cause of the crown and had to leave the country. He went to England, took orders, and became tutor to Mr. Leigh, nephew of the duke of Chandos, after whom he named his son. Leigh Hunt was educated at Christ's hospital, which he left in his 15th year, spent some time in the office of his brother, an attorney, and then obtained a place in the war office. He had written many verses while a boy, and in 1801 his father published for him "Juvenilia, or a Collection of Poems written between the Ages of Twelve and Sixteen." He now began to contribute to periodicals, and in 1805 became the dramatic critic of the "News," a Sunday paper established by his brother John, to which also he contributed literary articles. A volume of his theatrical criticisms was published in 1807. In 1808 he left the war office, and with his brother established the "Examiner," a liberal journal, which he edited for many years and rendered exceedingly popular; it was noted for the fearlessness of its criticism and the freedom of its political discussions.
Three times the Hunts were prosecuted by the government: first, for the words, " Of all monarchs, indeed, since the revolution, the successor of George III. will have the finest opportunity of becoming nobly popular;" second, for denouncing flogging in the army; third, when a fashionable newspaper had called the prince regent an Adonis, for adding " a fat Adonis of fifty." On the first the prosecution was abandoned, on the second the verdict was for acquittal, but on the third the brothers were sentenced to a fine of £500 each, and two years' imprisonment. They rejected offers to remit the penalties on condition that the paper should change its tone, and underwent the full sentence; but so much popular sympathy was excited in their behalf that the cells were transformed into comfortable apartments, constantly supplied with books and flowers. Here Leigh was visited by Byron, Moore, Lamb, Shelley, and Keats, and here he wrote "The Feast of the Poets" (1814), "The Descent of Liberty, a Mask" (1815), and "The Story of Rimini" (1816), which immediately gave him a place among the poets. He also continued to edit the " Examiner" while in prison.
In 1818 he published " Foliage, or Poems original and translated," and in 1819 he started the "Indicator," a small weekly on the model of the " Spectator." A selection of his best essays from this was published under the title of "The Indicator and Companion" (2 vols.
8vo, 1822). But his pecuniary affairs had become badly involved, and in June, 1822, on the invitation of Byron and Shelley, he went to Pisa, Italy, to assist them in editing the "Liberal," a journal intended to be ultra-liberal in both literature and politics. Shelley's death occurred in July, and Hunt resided with Byron for several months; but the journal proving a failure and the association uncongenial, the poets separated with decidedly unpleasant impressions of each other. Hunt remained in Italy for some years, and after his return to England published "Recollections of Lord Byron and some of his Contemporaries" (4to and 2 vols. 8vo, 1828). In this book the character of Byron was set forth in so unfavorable a light that his friends, especially Moore, retorted upon its author in the severest manner. Years afterward Hunt confessed that he was ashamed of it. From this time his life was constantly devoted to the production of books. He had always been sneered at as a cockney by certain critics, and was frequently in great pecuniary straits, until in 1847 he received a literary "pension of £200, but plodded on with unceasing industry.
He translated Tasso's Aminta, Redi's Bacco in Toscana, Boileau's Lutrin, and numerous other works; edited the plays of Wycherly, Congreve, Van-brugh, Farquhar, and Sheridan, and an expurgated edition of Beaumont and Fletcher; and was a frequent contributor to the literary and political columns of newspapers and magazines. Among his other works are the following: "Sir Ralph Esher," a novel (1832; new ed., 1850); " Captain Sword and Captain Pen," a metrical satire against war (1835); " The Legend of Florence," a drama (1840); " The Seer," a collection of essays (1841); " The Palfrey," a love story in rhyme (1842); "Stories from the Italian Poets, with Lives of the Writers" (2 vols., 1846); "Men, Women, and Books " (2 vols., 1847); " The Town " (2 vols., 1848); "Autobiography" (1850); "Table Talk, with Imaginary Conversations of Pope and Swift" (1851); "Religion of the Heart" (1853); and " The Old Court Suburb " (1855). Shortly before his death he collected and arranged a complete final edition of his poems.
A selection from his correspondence was published in 1862. II. Thornton, an English author and art critic, son of the preceding, born in London, Sept. 10, 1810, died June 24, 1873. He studied the art of painting, but soon abandoned it for journalism, conducted the political department of the "Constitutional" until that journal ceased to exist, edited successively the "North Cheshire Reformer" and the "Glasgow Argus," and from 1840 to 1860 was connected with the London "Spectator." He published "The Foster Brother," a romance (1845), and edited his father's "Autobiography " (1850) and " Correspondence " (1862).