Indre (a central department of France, formed chiefly from the old province of Berry, bordering on Loir-et-Cher, Cher, Creuse, Haute-Vienne, Vienne, and Indre-et-Loire; area, 2,624 sq. m.; pop. in 1872, 277,693. The surface is mostly level, and presents three marked and distinct divisions: Bois Chaud, where the farms are small, and the scenery varied from the number of its hedges, hedge rows, and woods; Champagne, a flat treeless region, without hedge or shrubby enclosure of any kind; and La Brenne, a low district, covered in part with shallow ponds, the me-phitic exhalations of which are very unhealth-f ul. The principal rivers are the Indre, Creuse, Claise, Arnon, and Fouzon. The Indre rises in the department of Cher, and joins the Loire after a N. W. and W. course of about 130 m., for the last 44 of which it is navigable. The climate, except in the district of La Brenne, is mild and healthful. The soil is rather light and gravelly, hut not ill adapted for the growth of cereals. Nearly two thirds of the whole area is arable. Grain is raised for exportation; next in importance are the crops of hemp and flax. The wine produced is not highly esteemed. There are large numbers of sheep with a very fine quality of wool.
Iron mines are worked, and there are a few quarries of marble, millstones, granite, and mica. Linan cloths, hosiery, scythes, paper, porcelain, and earthenware are the principal manufactures. The department is divided into the arrondissements of Chateauroux, Le Blanc, Issoudun, and La Chatre. Capital, Chateauroux.