I. Of Charax, a geographer in the early part of the 1st century. He was the author of a work in which the Greek and Roman world and the Parthian empire were described. There are several quotations in Pliny from this treatise, the extant fragments of which have been repeatedly published in modern times among the remains of the Geogra-phici Minores. The best edition is that of Miller (Paris, 1839). II. Of Seville, a saint of the Latin church, born in Cartagena, Spain, died April 4, 636. He succeeded to the see of Seville about 600, and was esteemed the most eloquent orator, the profoundest scholar, and the ablest prelate of his age. In 619 he presided at the second council of Seville, and in 633 at the great council of Toledo. He wrote on science, art, history, and theology; the most curious and important of his works is Originum sive Etymologiarum Libri XX., an encyclopaedia of all the arts and sciences then known. The best complete edition of his works is that of F. Arevali (Rome, 1797-1803). The fragments of his treatise De Fide Catholica contra Judaeos, after the Paris and Vienna MSS., are given by Karl Weinhold in vol. vi. of the Bibliothek der altesten deutschen Literaturdenkmaler (Pa-derborn, 1874).