John B. Hood, an American soldier, born in Bath co., Ky., about 1830. He graduated at West Point in 1853, and was mainly engaged in frontier service in Texas till 1859. He was severely wounded in an encounter with the Lipan and Comanche Indians, July 20, 1857, and was on leave of absence in 1860. He resigned his commission April 16, 1861, and entered the confederate army, in which he soon rose to the rank of major general. He took part in the Chickahominy campaign, and subsequently fought at the second battle of Bull Run, Antietam, and Fredericksburg. At Gettysburg, where he commanded a division of Longstreet's corps, he lost an arm on the second day of the battle. Rejoining the corps when it was sent to Georgia, he was at the battle of Chickamauga, where he lost a leg, and was made lieutenant general. He subsequently commanded a corps in the army of J. E. Johnston, whom he succeeded in July, 1864, and was thereafter in command of the confederate army in its operations against Gen. Sherman. After three bloody and unsuccessful attacks on that general before Atlanta (July 20, 22, 28), and the evacuation of that city (Sept. 1), he undertook a hazardous march northward, and fought another bloody battle at Franklin, Tenn. (Nov. 30), against Gen. Schofield, but suffered a crushing defeat near Nashville, from Gen. Thomas, Dec. 15-16,1864, and soon after was relieved from his command, being succeeded by Gen. Richard Taylor.